Καλά Νέα για το Σουδάν. Υπογραφή Συμφωνίας Ειρήνης Ανάμεσα στην Κυβέρνηση + τους Αντάρτες

Σύμφωνο ειρήνης υπογράφηκε ανάμεσα στην κυβέρνηση του Σουδάν και τους αντάρτες στο νότο βάζοντας τα θεμέλια για λήξη του εμφυλίου που έχει διαρκέσει 21 χρόνια και είχε ως αποτέλεσμα το θάνατο τουλάχιστον 2.000.000 κυρίως από ασιτία και αρρώστιες. Δυστυχώς το σύμφωνο δεν περιλαμβάνει τις δυνάμεις των ανατρτών στο Νταρφούρ όπου ο πόλεμος έχει προξενήσει μια από τις χειρότερες ανθρωπιστικές κρίσεις στον κόσμο, τα νέα όμως δεδομένα προσφέρουν τουλάχιστον ελπίδα για εθνική λήξη του εμφυλίου.

Sudan, Southern Rebels End 21-Year War By Katie Nguyen and Wangui Kanina NAIROBI (Reuters) - Bare-chested warriors danced and turbaned heads bowed in prayer when Sudan's Islamist government and southern rebels sealed a comprehensive peace agreement on Sunday ending Africa's longest-running civil war. Sudan's First Vice President Ali Osman Mohamed Taha and rebel leader John Garang signed the accord in Kenya's capital Nairobi, ending a 21-year conflict in the south that has killed an estimated 2 million people mainly by famine and disease. The agreement did not cover a separate conflict in the western Darfur area of Africa's largest country, where almost two years of fighting have created what the United Nations calls one of the world's worst humanitarian crises. At the signing ceremony in a Nairobi sports stadium, bare-chested Dinka warriors wearing leopardskin loincloths and white paint on their faces danced for thousands of banner-waving exiles and refugees who planned now to return home. "If I had wings I would be flying," said Grace Datiro, 35, a southerner who has lived in Kenya for 14 years since war drove her from her home in Sudan's Equatoria region. The U.N. Security Council -- meeting in Nairobi, away from its New York home for the first time in 14 years -- unanimously adopted a resolution in November promising political and substantial economic support once Sudan ended both wars. The new agreement is expected to trigger the return of more than half a million Sudanese who fled to nearby countries and the gradual resettlement of 4 million displaced internally. HOPE FOR PEACE "What was spent on fighting will now be spent on health, education and other services," said President Omar Hassan al-Bashir, whose government earns $4 billion a year from oil. In front of 12 African heads of state or government and Powell, SPLM chairman Garang and Taha put their names to protocols signed by colleagues in two years of talks. The deals together form an overall accord including a permanent cease-fire. Under the agreement, the ruling National Congress party and the SPLM will form an interim coalition government, decentralize power, share oil revenues and integrate the military. At the end of a six-year interim period, the south can vote for secession. "There will be no more bombs falling from the sky on innocent women and children. Instead of the cries of children and the wailing of women, peace will bless us once more," said Garang, adding that other southern opposition groups would be welcome to join a new SPLM-led southern regional government. Diplomats predicted increased pressure on Khartoum toward a comprehensive resolution of all the country's conflicts, which have expanded over the years to include unrest in the east. Analysts say the conflicts share roots in the domination of post-independence politics by a small Arab elite with its home base north of Khartoum, to the detriment of fringe provinces. In the south, rebels have been fighting the government since 1983, when Khartoum tried to impose Islamic law on the entire country. Oil, ethnicity and ideology complicated the conflict. Violence also has erupted in Darfur, where a revolt began in February 2003 after years of tribal conflict over scarce resources. Those rebels accuse the government of neglect and of using Arab militias to loot and burn non-Arab villages. In the Libyan capital Tripoli, Abdel Wahed Mohamed al-Nur, chairman of the Darfur rebel Sudan Liberation Movement, told Reuters he welcomed the agreement but said there should be a comprehensive peace for all of Sudan and not just the south.

από Photo-δότης 10/01/2005 7:29 μμ.


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Να χαρούν λίγο κι αυτοί οι δόλιοι... Southern Sudanese celebrate in the streets of Khartoum 10 January 2005 yesterday's landmark peace deal, ending more than two decades of civil war in southern Sudan. The Khartoum press hailed accord and expressed hope it would usher in a new era of freedom 16 years after President Omar al-Beshir seized power in a military coup.

Εικόνες:

από ανακόπιπέϊστ 12/01/2005 3:02 πμ.


ήδη προξενούσε απορία, η παύση ενός «εμφυλίου» που στηρίζεται απ’έξω και από μέσα,.δεν είχαμε πειστεί χωρίς να χαιρόμαστε για το παρακάτω: http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&cid=574&ncid=574&e=2&u=/nm/20050111/wl_nm/sudan_darfur_un_dc

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