There is no exact date of the formation of the anarchist movement in Iran but the anarchist movement in Iran started show up more activity on 2009.
The anarchists in Iran who were mostly in the proletariat movement created a group, which was call "the anarchist network". This group was very popular among students and many students were either members of "the anarchist network" or under the influence of it, they had the political activity. The "anarchist network" was destroyed due to the betrayal of a member.
On 2009, the same anarchists who created "the anarchist network" again started show up their collective presence by creating a new group which was called: "the Anarchist Era", the group that basis struggle of that was freedom for the working class.
Since the anarchism was a new idea of living and struggling in Iran, from the beginning, we did not have much power to act but day by day more people secretly or even publicly becoming active for the struggle and joined the anarchist movement in iran.
In the history of the anarchist movement in Iran, some of our comrades have gone to prison or are still in prison:
anarcho-syndicalist "Soheil Arabi", comrade who struggled for working class, freedom and equality, he got arrested on 2013(at the moment he is still in "the prison of Tehran Bozorg")
anarchist ex-prisoner "Abtin Parsa" who got arrested on 2014, he stayed in "the IRGC secret prison of zarghan city" for one year and half, he was released on conditional to stop political activity but he escaped from Iran to greece on 2016.
"The anarchist union of Iran and Afghanistan" as a revolutionary evolution for anarchists in the middle east was created on may 2018 by three groups in the beginning:(At the moment more groups are members of the union)
1-The Anarchist Era Collective (a community of anarchists from Iran and Afghanistan operating both inside and outside their countries) 2-The Anarchist group “Aleyh” (based in Afghanistan) 3-The Revolutionary Radical Anarchist Front (based in Iran)
☆ Based on what the beginning of our struggle has been and what we have gained experience, the basis of struggle of the anarchist union of iran and afghanistan is freedom for the working class☆